Thursday, July 9, 2020

Bad and Good News Essay - 550 Words

Necessity to Balance Both Bad and Good News (Essay Sample) Content: Necessity to Balance Both Bad and Good NewsNameInstitutionDateAbstractNews agencies are seen as being the origins ofÂÂ  broadcasting news and selective information forthwith and efficaciously. Television, radio and newspapers are the vital organs that pass on this information. We all depend on them so as to get to know what is happening both locally and internationally. However, there has been a tendency of the media fraternity relaying what the audience considers to be bad news. Before news is relayed through the media, there's an editor who monitors what is to be published and what is to be released. The editor will consider a number of factors that include the organization's concern, target group and personal interest and the social responsibilities. Political disposition of the media house and organization also affects the type of news the public will be getting. The question is, why have the media organs decided to focus much on the bad news rather than the good ones, and is there any effect of this? Is the public in eager of the sad moments or is it just that bad news create a sense of gluing people to their channels? This is an essay debating on this matter.Keywords: good news, bad news, mediaNecessity to Balance Both Bad and Good NewsPromoting news is a big task for not only the youth but also old people in the media agencies. As indicated earlier in the abstract of this essay, the editor will be the determinant of what kind of news to be delivered. The major factors influencing this decision are the attractiveness of the news, target group interests and political situations.The target group is those people who read or listen to the news. Age, hobbies and virtues of audiences or readers will remain distinct. The youth and elders have different interests. Elders like those political news, the murder and so on whereas youths including teenagers are attracted to the famous celebrities. However, youths will also be glued to information touching on murder and criminal occurrence. They also get attached to their political affiliations in the sense of support and nurturing their future political careers.In this case, news editors are setting much attention on the so called bad news because there will be a larger audience comprising of both aged and young people. Even though they bring a sad mood, bad news should be aired so that a larger audience gets the adverts in between the news thus more profits to...

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Horror Films And Cinema History - 1560 Words

Throughout literature and cinema history, horror has been used to hide certain fantasies and reach into the deepest parts of the human conscience where their most inner fears exist. It was not till recently that horror characters were used to reach into other parts of the human brain: sexual desires. There are many horror films and books that show women falling for their alleged rapist, characters developing relationships with supernatural creatures, and girls wanting to tear the clothes off a vampire’s body. Vampires have been around since the 18th century where a flux of vampire superstition started in Western Europe. This caused mass hysteria and people being accusingly staked for â€Å"vampirism.† People were scared of the thought of these†¦show more content†¦Writers and filmmakers are wanting to bring in more people to the horror world or even wanting for viewers to have a different reaction to these monsters. By combining horror with different genres of film, they can bring in various types of audiences: one that includes women. Romantic novels have made a complete turn combining horror with romance. This is not a surprising twist due to various types of women’s fantasies and the obsession with romance novels. This is very popular with adult teen novels and tv series. Helen T. Bailie states in her article, Blood Ties: The Vampire Lover in the Popular Romance, â€Å"According to statistics brought out by Romance Writers of America, in 2009, the paranormal subgenre made up 17.16% of the popular romance genre, which in itself comprised 54% of all books sold by the publishing industry.† That is a lot of novels containing paranormal lovers in romantic novels. The most popular of the vampires is Edward Cullen from Twilight. This is the vampire that most young girls dream about when they sleep at night. He is not depicted as this scary monster that early vampires, like Dracula are seen as. He was created for women to fantasize over based on his looks, his car, and his very mysterious gaze. Edward even says in the book to Bella Swan that he is designed to be

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Problem With Marriage Is Gender Roles. . When It Comes

The Problem With Marriage Is Gender Roles When it comes to communicating with other genders, each gender has their own way of displaying their opinions, but to communicate on the highest level, they need to understand the â€Å"rules† that apply to each gender. As presented by Dr.Pat Heim in her video, â€Å"The Invisible Rules: Men, Women, and Teams,† each gender is a â€Å"culture† in itself, raised with invisible rules of conduct instinctively known to all adult members of that gender. When it comes to marriage, how do these â€Å"rules† apply when one gender belittles the other?In addition to that, things that might come naturally to one gender culture can seem to confound another.So, as women’s cultural roles change more and more every day, are they†¦show more content†¦When most people get married, it is always the traditional way of marriage-the jumping over the broom, cocktail hour, cheers toasts, and party time. Even though going down the traditional path can have its ben efits, it can also take a turn for the worse. Some advantages of having a traditional marriage is sticking to the simple way, everything is expected of you, and you could possibly feel more comfortable. On the other hand, having a traditional wedding can be a disadvantage because no one is expecting anything out of the ordinary and you will feel much more comfortable expressing yourself with your partner. Now, what happens when you don’t feel comfortable with your spouse and your marriage has taken a turn for the worse? Is it going to bring out the worse in both of you? Is it just easier to go down the traditional route? The easiest public argument to make in defense of traditional marriage is to focus on the benefits of marriage ( Richards,2012). However, do some of those benefits cause the roles of women to change? Most women can pick and choose the role they want to play in any situation, but back in the day, women couldn’t decide for themselves because everything was already planned for them. Women were often stereotypes as happy wives and mothers. The only jobs that they had access to were as teachers, secretaries, and nurses. This cold society felt that a woman’s main goal was to get married, have children, and become an experienced housewife whileShow MoreRelatedThroughout The History Of The United States, The Concept1686 Words   |  7 PagesUnited States, the concept of marriage has changed substantially. Marriage and finding a partner is a tricky social practice in the U.S., as it brings with it the promise to share life together, finances, among many other crucial aspects of living. Today, because women and men have fairly equal opportunities to pursue their own education and careers, the concept of marriage has become challenging, causing two people who value independence so heavily to have to come together as one, and share resourcesRead MoreGender Roles Within The Social Sciences And Humanities1693 Words   |  7 Pages Gender Roles in Marriage Brandon Smith Georgia Southern University â€Æ' Gender Roles in Marriage Gender roles are defined as a theoretical construct in the social sciences and humanities that refers to a set of social and behavioral norms that, within a specific culture, are widely considered to be socially appropriate for individuals of a specific sex. Gender roles differ between different sets of cultures but it is widely accepted that gender roles reflect the expectations that go alongRead MoreGender Roles And Gender : A Season Of Madness By Hanan Al Shaykh950 Words   |  4 PagesGender Roles And Gender Stereotype Problems in society Gender problems are big problems in society. Although today s gender problems are better than before, it still cannot be resolved completely. There are many kinds of gender problems. For example, gender role, gender identity, gender stereotypes and gender-equal problems. The short story A Season of Madness, by Hanan Al-Shaykh, shows some problems of genders and society. In A Season of Madness, the author tells a story of a Lebanese woman-Read MoreThe Myth Of Co-Parenting By Hope Edelman885 Words   |  4 PagesCo-Parenting; How it Was Supposed to Be. How it Was† by Hope Edelman and â€Å"My problem with Her Anger† by Eric Bartels both explain the strain child rearing and lack of communication can put upon a marriage. The two articles describe their personal experiences with this issue, but the authors have differing points of view on the subject. Although they have different perspectives, both Edelman and Bartels explore ideas of traditional gender roles and unrealisti c expectations in relationships. Edelman discussesRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of Divorce1089 Words   |  5 PagesStanley, Allen, Markman, 2014). Healthy marriages are considered to be good for the mental and physical wellbeing of the husband and wife. As for the children, they get to grow in a happy home that provides them protection from mental, educational, social, and physical problems. However, the society may have been successful in getting rid of the stigma that is associated with ending a marriage, but it can no longer ignore the massive effects that come with it, especially to children. To the parentsRead MoreEssay about Intercultural Communication1561 Words   |  7 Pagesdefinition of â€Å"intercultural marriage† is explained as the marriage between partners from different racial, ethnic, national or religious backgrounds. Now intercultural marriage becomes a trend and receives a massive notice, which explains why it appears as frequent topic on several magazines, news, documentaries†¦ Many couples now are more interesting in this topic and also can have better advices in this field than they were 30 years ago, when intercultural marriage was such an unfamiliar and alsoRead MoreGender Roles : Modern And Fast Passed1144 Words   |  5 Pageshow can it be that it is stuck on something as prehistoric as stereotypic gender roles? Starting with the caveman to the men and women of the Victorian period and even to now in the twenty-first century, society has imprinted its own idea of what a man and women should be and the what role each should hold in society. The idea of what is appropriate in behavior and how one should act are most likely attributed to what gender they are. In the eyes of society, all are seen with a stereotypic lends.Read MoreThe Issue Of Sex Controversy1343 Words   |  6 Pagesand this used to be viewed as the only normal type of couple, however now it’s not uncommon to see couples of the same gender. Couples of the same gender have differ ent roles compared to couples of opposite genders. Same gender couples face different types of relationships issues that a straight couple may not have to deal with. Every type of couple though works through their problems in ways that make sense for their unique situation. Homosexuality controversy is often in the media, but everyday moreRead MoreOne Child Policy of China: Socio-Economic Effects1740 Words   |  7 Pagesin several different prospects of society that are often neglected by intellectuals. There main focus is always on economic and political reform, But in this essay main focus is on the china’s population and the cultural rituals of family, gender and marriage. To add more, further elaboration will be addressed on the changing trends in the Chinese culture based on these elements. China’s population is 1.3 billion that contributes to 1/5 of world’s population. China’s community has this believeRead MoreWhy Gay Marriage Is Wrong for Georgia 990 Words   |  4 PagesChristian state, gay marriage simply does not fit into our southern lifestyle here in Georgia. Georgians should not support gay marriage in this state because it violates the natural laws of the universe, it violates the word of god and his teachings in the bible, and it robs the children the opportunity to actually have a normal family life. Historically, since the beginning of man-kind, relationships that have occurred in nature have always been with opposite gender. Laws of attraction and

Diversigirl free essay sample

Born and raised in Hawaii, I, like the majority of locals, am a classic example of racial diversity. The cultural mixing pot that is Hawaii has prompted many culturally diverse experiences not unique to my own Filipino-Chinese-Caucasian heritage. Im able to explain how my family celebrates New Years eve, eating Hawaiian chicken long rice, Puerto Rican pasteles, Japanese sashimi, and American foods potatoes, just to name a few. Or how everyone, without question, takes off their shoes when entering anothers house, a Japanese custom of politeness. I could even elaborate on the many struggles of local teens trying to decide which one bubble to fill in to define their ethnicity on formal documents; is the fact that I am more Caucasian than I am Filipino mean that I identify more with that ethnicity? Not necessarily. Although I can describe all sorts of culturally unique affairs, lately, I have come to realize I really am lacking in experience with classic American culture. We will write a custom essay sample on Diversigirl or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page On a recent trip to Massachusetts, I spent a day visiting family in Plymouth. While there, I was introduced to an entirely new phenomenon, cranberry harvesting. First of all, Id like to point out that my only previous knowledge of cranberry farming was what they showed in Ocean Spray commercials: farmers standing in water filled with cranberries. Being the naive Hawaii girl that I am, I thought cranberries were grown in lakes and ponds as an underwater plant, sort of like seaweed. Once the berries were ripe, I assumed they were scooped up with giant nets of some sort, or painfully picked by hand. Little did I know that bogs are actually flooded as a harvest mechanism, and harvesters use massive vacuum-like devices to collect the berries efficiently. I was absolutely astonished by the entire process while my New England-native cousins stood by, less amused. Usually, Im the one explaining customs to visitors. This flip-flop of positions was a change, but a welcome one. I may bring a diverse, Hawaiian lifestyle to a college campus, but in reality, the college, and life in an entirely different region of the country, will bring a diverse lifestyle to me. I know my curiosity will help dip my paintbrush in a variety of cultural cans, whether it prompts me to join new campus-based organizations, study abroad in a completely new culture, or just learn which colors are appropriate to wear during different seasons. I start with an open mind, ready to transform from a clueless tourist to an experienced collegiate.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

The Ropes to Know the Ropes to Skip Essay Example

The Ropes to Know the Ropes to Skip Paper According to his dialogue with Stanley on page 53, It seems that Claude feels like he Is singled out for being black Instead of being viewed as an asset to the company sugarless of his race. The Company was breaking the psychological contract with Claude by treating him as a token. Ted has no faith in Clauses ability to increase their recruitment of professional minorities. While Claude was not interested in taking the recruitment position, he also felt he did not have the option to turn It down. Claude decided to put his best efforts In the recruitment of molesters. He assessed the situation and identified a more effective process to increase test scores among black recruits. 2. Motivation Management Achieving managerial goals involves strategy. Both interdepartmental teams and ion employees are led by managers who do not have direct authority over their employees. In this situation, managers need to sell their Idea rather than be direct. Using persuasive relationship behavior requires an understanding of the 6 tendencies of human behavior: 1 . Through the art of reciprocation employees will feel an obligation to return a favor if the manager uses this tool accurately. . The use of consistency to control and direct future actions will set expectations. 3. Social validation is important for a manager to understand because people look to what others are doing as a guide. 4. People prefer to say yes to those they like. 5. Expressing authority does not always support effective results. 6. A sense of scarcity produces an Increased desire. (Clinical pig. 562) Unions are effective at building allies through the process of exchange. Especially in an Analytic setting, ten manager needs to gal. adequate International auto ten ally before they can lead effectively. We will write a custom essay sample on The Ropes to Know the Ropes to Skip specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Ropes to Know the Ropes to Skip specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Ropes to Know the Ropes to Skip specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Unions often pay overtime if an employee works extra hours on the weekends. If there was no benefit to the employee, the process of reciprocity would not work. The virtuous spiral as described on page 588 explains the managers importance of insistently rewarding individuals for their performance. Proctor Gamble Has been marked b y many forward thinking efforts to establish a virtuous spiral relationship with its employees based on employee involvement and the development of leaders throughout the company. (Lealer Ill pig 589) 3. Is Frankly a Toxic Manager? Why or why not? According to Roy Lubing, toxic managers are a fact of life .. . (The Organizational Behavior Reader, 2007). Individuals with this style of management generally complicate work, drain precious energy and essentially derail progress. Learning to ell with such people can improve ones own health and capability in the workplace. In my opinion, Frankly exhibits traits of a toxic manager, specifically, he chooses favorites in the company the world is divided in two-his people and other people(Rite, pig 89). In my opinion, he does not fully understand the requirements of being an effective manager. Instead of using the strengths and weaknesses of his team, he pits employees against one another by playing favorites in turn creating an unhealthy work environment for anyone who is not on his list. Ben may have not been a toxic manager I the earlier years in The Company, but the organization has changed. Ben does not adjust well to change. Leadership values Bens ability to get the Job done, but his difficulty to work well with others forces managers to view him as a threat. Do you think Ben would like the corporate life here? Oh lord No (Rite pig 237). Interpersonal Communication 4. Provide an example of the effective use of communication from the Rite Book. Use the Achieving Purpose list from the class notes to substantiate your example. To be an effective communicator, one must master the art of active listening. A large part of effective communication is achieved by focusing on the recei ver and truly existing. Equally important is making sure the receiver(s) understand what has been communicated and responding appropriately to questions and concerns. A good example of effective communication in the Rite book occurred in Chapter 18: Ted suggests open communication to deal with the issues of opening the new Expanders Plant in Poachable. Ted cuts to the point and looks for a simple and direct way to communicate his thoughts and feelings. While Ted may not always be the best listener, overall this character provides us with a good insight into effective communication. Many of the other characters in Rite lack the skill set according to en Canceling Purpose last to De class as detective communicators. . Which characters in Rite are assertive, aggressive, and non assertive in their communication styles? Provide examples. Aggressive: Ben Frankly is an aggressive manager. Aggressive Managers are highly receive to certain things and seek to intimidate others. An example of Bens aggressive behavior is shown in chapter 18 of the Rite book. In this section, Ben and Ted are debating about a meeting that needs to be held. Ben is aggressive in his delivery on when and how the meeting will be held. Never you mind says Ben, I now what I am doing(Rite pig 93). Assertive: Ted Shelby has characteristics of an assertive manager. Ted is one of the most effective managers in the book. Ted does not take advantage of others, and is expressive and self enhancing. The differences in management styles between Ted Shelby and Ben Frankly are shown in chapter 9 of Rite. Ben and Ted are arguing about Stanley promotion in The Company. Ben is aggressive in stating that Stanley needs to stay put. Ted is clear I his reasons why Stanley deserves to move up in the company. Ben has kept him there so long that most people think of Stanley and the Lana web system as an inseparable team. Only rarely will someone like Ted Shelby think of some other kind of Job for him(Rite pig 53) Ted is highly successful because he knows what is best for himself and for others like Stanley in the Company. Non Assertive: Lessee landed a big sale and she expected her Boss Kerry Drake to reward or acknowledge her accomplishments. Kerry Drake is not very personable. Instead of rewarding, he identifies all the ways that Lessee should improve. It shows in this section that Kerry does not understand motivational theory and he shows self- denying characteristics and timid behavior. Subordinates viewed him as completely fair minded, a workaholic. He lacked the human touch. (Rite pig: 80) 6. Place at least 3 Rite characters on the Management grid and explain why you place them where you did. Ted Shelby IV is the impoverished manager. I think of Ted as the empty suit in the office. He exert minimum effort to get certain tasks done. In chapter 40 of Rite Ted Shelby is rearranging furniture in his office. Ted has plenty of extra time to attend Dry Faustus classes on participative management. Occasionally Ted Shelby might have a lapse of memory, but Kerry or Ben will be quick to set them straight. (Rite pig 187) Ted Shelby Sir. Believes that you catch more flies with honey than vinegar. (Rite P 189) Ted creates a good environment to attend to the needs of people in the organization. He is The Country Club Manager. Ted is an effective manager of professionals. Ben Frankly although toxic at times creates a team of committed people. Ben develops a level AT trust Ana re spect to tense employees Tanat support Nils Otto Chapter 14 supports my notion that Ben is a team manager. In this section there is talk that upper management will do a review of Bens plant and his employees. Jimmy Kelley, one of Bens subordinates has been working the line for many years. The Company wants to evaluate the speed of Bens workers. That dumb bastard (Ted) is trying to come I her and hold a stop watch on our guys. (Rattier). Ben, although aggressive to upper management, is extremely loyal to those that keep his plant running the way that Ben likes it. Ben may not be a team manager to all in The Company, this section shows that his team comes first. 7. Level 5 leaders have the ability to set their individual needs aside I order to support the company. They want to build and stand behind a great company. Most executives over the last few years I the financial industries were not thinking like level 5 leaders. Greed and self interests plagues many companies which led to one of the largest recessions that our nation has ever experienced. If the organizations had more level 5 leaders, perhaps more attention would be placed on the financial statements and what is best for the company rather than excessive bonuses and lavish lifestyles. The lack of level 5 organizations has led to a collapse of many large companies. The businesses that were not built to last have created a trickle- down effect that has spread over a variety of industries and social classes. 8. The Company appears to want only managers and not leaders. Agree or disagree with this statement and provide examples from Rite to support your conclusion. Look carefully at Professor Faustus comments. The company is searching for both leaders and managers. A manager can maintain control of the organization while being able to administer a shot term view. A leader is innovative and has a more long term view. Leaders challenge the status quo and look to inspire. Dry Faust is a leader who knows how to be an effective manager. His role in the company as a university chairman and coach has many leadership characteristics. In chapter 29, Dry Faust provides a great distinction between a leader and a manager. Managements greatest folly is to believe that organizational members, when called upon to supply information that can affect their own organizational well-being can be neutral with regard to that information. Mangers pore over pages of stats that are tributes to little else than human creativity'(Rite pig. 135) this is a great example of how Dry Faust distinguishes his thought process from that of a manager in The Company. . 5 Bases of Power: Referent Power: Ben Frankly defends his subordinates interests. This is best shown in chapter 14 when Ben protects Jimmy Kelsey from the other managers. Ben although aggressive, is also sensitive to his subordinates feelings. In chapter Ted sensed Is In Tabor AT tens rating game ( pig dens flew AT ten world Is Tanat you take care of your people. Upper management finds it to be a challenge to work with Ben because he possesses such strong Referent Power as this section in the book indicates. Expert Power: Ted Shelby is knowledgeable in the framework of the organization. Ted coziness the concerns of his employees and promotes and image of an expert in his field. As far as he is concerned, the key to successful business is to apply the most modern management techniques. He cannot believe that anyone without an MBA could possibly know anything about running a company. Legitimate Power: Although Dry. Faust is not a manager per SE, he fits the characteristics of polite, confident, cordial, and provides the reasoning behind some of the other managers behavior. Throughout the book, Dry. Faust is looking to verify understanding from Stanley and others in The Company. Chapter 47 provides opportune details to why I believe Dry Faust would have legitimate Power. In Truth, Faustus reputation is more important than Stanley current 219) Reward Power: Ted Shelby IV is reasonable with his perception of how his subordinates should be rewarded. Coercive Power: Ted Shelby shows traits of coercive power. Ted administers punishment to his subordinates consistently throughout the book. In particular, chapter 23 shows how Ted warns Stanley before punishing him after he laid out the rules of working for The Company in New York. Keep your eyes open and your mouth shut (Rite 114) yelled Ted to Stanley. As a result of Stanley disagreeing with Tees presentation, Stanley is punished and needs to go all around The Company and get to know his colleagues. 10. 8 Political Tactics 1 . Attacking/ Blaming others: In chapter 52, most of the characters in the book fell victim to the blame game. Ted Shelby passed a mess of papers to Stanley that said please exercise this at your earliest convenience(Rite pig 253)The chain of messages traveled through many channels of the company. No one ever stopped and asked for clarity. This was a great example of how each person saw plausible tenability in eyeing able to blame someone else out of their fears of being wrong about the interpretation of the message. 2. Using Information as a political tool: When Ted Shelby rolled out the Subordinate Readiness program in chapter 51, Kerry Drake was not completely in favor of the project. Kerry did however want to keep a high effectiveness rating with Ted. Kerry used the information he had about Stanley to his benefit. He knew Stanley was trying to get In good Walt upper management, so en passed ten outlet on to ml. Stanley was the messenger back and forth between Kerry and Ted. Stanley was being used as Seekers political tool. 3. Creating a Favorable Image: Ted Shelby IV was rearranging furniture in his office to accommodate a more welcoming feeling. He replaced a traditional executive table with a round table in an attempt to promote feedback. Kerry Drake was quick to educate Ted on the importance of creating a favorable image that upper management is elite and needs to be feared in a sense and also respected. 4. Developing a base of support: Stanley throughout the book uses this tactic as has way to improve his position in The Company. Stanley makes continuous efforts to support others while also earning the respect and support that he needs to move round within The Company. 5. Praising Others-ingratiation: Ted Shelby praises Erne Ernie Ron, the chief accountant in chapter 23. Despite Ermines monotone, routine presentation that lacked energy, Ted is praising Erne for a Job well done. This political tactic was used in this context because the presentation was part of the required process, and Ted intelligently knows to protect the integrity of the organization and its people. Stanley disagreed with Ted and was punished as a result. 6. Forming power coalitions with strong allies: In many chapters within the book, Ben Frankly uses his team to create strong allies from other departments and management within the company. Ben uses this political tactic as a way to try and avoid change in his plant and The Company. 7. Associating with Influential People: Stanley does this thought the book. As a result of his efforts, he moves swiftly through The Company and learns many valuable lessons on the Journey. 8. Creating obligations- reciprocity: Ted uses reciprocity o chapter 50. This chapter exposes the fundamental differences between Ted and Ben. Tees perception focuses on creating a corporate mentality that each subordinate will be rewarded if they play the game and and put forth a solid effort. Ben however has no interest in increasing his position in the company, and is therefore not motivated by the obligations that Ted is trying to create. 1 1 . Wright and Cropland believe that happiness should produce better Job performance and a better environment for their co-workers. I agree with the article. When employees are happy, they tend to be more optimistic and find positive outcomes in more undesirable situations. The articles both agree that psychological well being is the driving force for effective employee behavior.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Free Essays on AA

The meeting I attended was in Seattle it was an AA, open meeting, non-smoking and they labeled it as a discussion meeting. It took me a while to find a meeting that was non-smoking; can’t stand the smell of smoke. I didn’t know what to expect from the meeting. I remember going with my mom when I was younger but I don’t remember too much about the actual meeting. This meeting however was sort of a wake up call so to speak. I don’t do any drugs nor do I drink but I was still nervous going into the meeting. When I walked into the meeting room, the room was full of chairs and refreshments such as juice and coffee; they even had some crackers and cookies for the participants. There were a lot of people that just seemed like they were out of it. It actually looked like1/2 of the people needed a drink. I got the impression that some of them seemed to not want to be there. When they started going around the room and introducing themselves and telling complete strangers their problems it really hit me. I just told myself that I am lucky to be in the position I am in. I feel so grateful to have my life going in a direction that I want it to. I felt really bad for some of the people, here they are drinking themselves to death and nothing seems to faze them. This one guy stood up and said that even though he is on probation he still can’t stop â€Å"boozeing it up.† I have a good heart but when that guy said that he was disregarding his probation I couldn’t help but to have some disrespect for him. I don’t care what people say if you are disciplined enough you can quit anything. My dad smoked for over 20 years and one day he just quit. He hasn’t smoked for over 20 years. This guy had no discipline, he was a walking wreak. When he was talking, he was looking towards the ground the whole time; you could tell that he was disappointed in himself. Attending this meeting was one of the hardest things I have ... Free Essays on AA Free Essays on AA The meeting I attended was in Seattle it was an AA, open meeting, non-smoking and they labeled it as a discussion meeting. It took me a while to find a meeting that was non-smoking; can’t stand the smell of smoke. I didn’t know what to expect from the meeting. I remember going with my mom when I was younger but I don’t remember too much about the actual meeting. This meeting however was sort of a wake up call so to speak. I don’t do any drugs nor do I drink but I was still nervous going into the meeting. When I walked into the meeting room, the room was full of chairs and refreshments such as juice and coffee; they even had some crackers and cookies for the participants. There were a lot of people that just seemed like they were out of it. It actually looked like1/2 of the people needed a drink. I got the impression that some of them seemed to not want to be there. When they started going around the room and introducing themselves and telling complete strangers their problems it really hit me. I just told myself that I am lucky to be in the position I am in. I feel so grateful to have my life going in a direction that I want it to. I felt really bad for some of the people, here they are drinking themselves to death and nothing seems to faze them. This one guy stood up and said that even though he is on probation he still can’t stop â€Å"boozeing it up.† I have a good heart but when that guy said that he was disregarding his probation I couldn’t help bu t to have some disrespect for him. I don’t care what people say if you are disciplined enough you can quit anything. My dad smoked for over 20 years and one day he just quit. He hasn’t smoked for over 20 years. This guy had no discipline, he was a walking wreak. When he was talking, he was looking towards the ground the whole time; you could tell that he was disappointed in himself. Attending this meeting was one of the hardest things I have ... Free Essays on AA Today’s society has been corrupted by the constant abuse of drugs and alcohol. Alcohol alone is responsible for over nine hundred thousand deaths, on average, per year. Most people don’t even look at alcohol as a drug. In fact alcohol is a very dangerous drug in the world. The main reason that it is so dangerous is because there are so many people that abuse it. Alcohol is not only legal, but is also one of the most abused drugs in the world. People from various cultures perceive drinking in different contexts, and huge amounts of alcohol are consumed annually around the world. Alcohol is usually consumed orally and it distributes itself fast and evenly through body water, and it easily trespasses the blood-brain barrier and the placental barrier. Even at low levels, alcohol disrupts performance and interferes with complex activities. It generally causes feelings of happiness and reduces the ability of aversive events to control behavior. High doses cause loud, energetic behavior, and even higher doses cause loss of consciousness and death. Tolerance to alcohol develops after regular and large amounts of consumption. It also creates physical dependence and serious withdrawal symptoms that can cause death if left untreated. The reason people abuse it so is because the society looks at alcohol as a normal part of life, the society promotes drinking, and when people want it they can have it. We just have to run down the street to the local supermarket and buy whatever type of alcohol that appeals to us. The number of alcoholics has risen drastically over the decades. In the 1970’s America started to recognize the growing problem of alcoholism. Organizations were formed to help the people that wanted help. The different organizations and groups eventually lead to the formation of a group called Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Which has become the best treatment for people that have the disease of Alcoholism. AA is the m...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Challenges to foster a national identity during the Meiji restoration period.

There was a small island in the south of Japan where the Japanese imported goods from the Dutch, Chinese, and Korean nations, but there was little or no trade with any other country. Thus, the country of Japan was closed to outside influences, partly to maintain political domination control and to prevent the foreigners from stealing their gunpowder. In the mid 1860’s an American diplomatic fleet of steam powered battleships arrived and insisted upon the opening of Japanese trade with the US. The feudal Shogun government, however apprehensive of the threat to their control over the people of Japan, had no choice but to allow trade with the US. This opened the door for international trade and relations with the world beyond Japan for the first time in hundreds of years. I 1868, the shogun(the military leader) was forced to step down and the sixteen year old Emperor Meiji was â€Å"restored ,† so that Japan might catch up military with the West. There was the end of a relatively stable number of years of Shogun government called the Edo period. During this period a primary Shogunate (military dictatorship) was essentially running the government and the various different Samurai clans of the country were managed by this primary Shogunate, which was based in Edo (the city now known as Tokyo). Thankfully this particular military dictatorship was a relatively noble group monetarily, but their own noble and self-sacrificing way was actually part of what allowed the imperial family to take over the government of Japan at this rather pivotal moment. Essentially Meiji was the heir son of the imperial family and so those who stood to benefit from him being placed in as leader of the country helped to make it happen. The leadership of the Shogunate in Edo was handed over rather effortlessly as the Shogunate was apparently duped by Meiji and his supporters. Meiji’s primary supporters, of course, were leaders of some of the primary opposition to the Shogunate. This assertion of the leadership of an imperialistic family was known as the â€Å"Meiji Restoration†, yet it was not really a restoration as there had apparently never been a truly united Japan ruled in such a way before. Suddenly Meiji took over and any Samurai opposition to the changes was essentially stopped with force until the Samurai class was finally outlawed. The Meiji constitution was written as part of this â€Å"restoration† and basically fabricated a national identity for Japan. It also conveniently fabricated a nationalistic mythology which attempted to falsely present Meiji and his family as Shinto divinity. The result was a fanatical religious theocracy with a false history and deluded national patriotism. This ultimately led to the sad events of WWII and the immense disgrace of the Japanese people. It was essentially a nation-wide cult fabricated by politicians. Rationale: Westernisation influence in Japan during the Meiji Restoration Period: Political influence: In 1889, a constitution was promulgated which established a parliamentary government but left it accountable to the emperor rather than to the people. Administrative power was centralized in a national bureaucracy, which also ruled in the name of the emperor. There as a change in the feudal system. The classes were declared equal, so that samurai and their lords lost their feudal privileges, while the role of merchants began to be respected. Japan received its first European style constitution in 1889. A parliament, the Diet was established while the emperor kept sovereignty: he stood at the top of the army, navy, executive and legislative power. The ruling clique, however, kept on holding the actual power, and the able and intelligent emperor Meiji agreed with most of their actions. Political parties did not yet gain real power due to the lack of unity among their members. Economic influence: In order to transform the agrarian economy of Tokugawa Japan into a developed industrial one, many Japanese scholars were sent abroad to study Western science and languages and businesses, while foreign experts taught in Japan. The progression and improvements in education would boost the economy because of the increase in knowledge and skills. Industrialization created more importance on businesses and the prospering of them, than the farming and agrarian economy. After means of large governmental investments, the transportation and communication network in Japan were improved. The government also directly supported the prospering of businesses and industries, especially the large and powerful family businesses called zaibatsu. The large expenditures led to a financial crisis in the middle of the 1880s which was followed by a reform of the currency system and the establishment of the Bank of Japan. Thus, Japan’s economic grew tremendously during the Meiji restoration period. Education influence: A universal education was implemented. The education system was reformed after the French and later after the German system. Among those reforms was the introduction of compulsory education. Compulsory public education was introduced both to teach the skills needed for the new nation and to inculcate values of citizenship in all Japanese. This means that the money is going towards education, which goes to the people, and creates more capital, because of more knowledge. Military influence: There was a high priority for Japan in an era of European and American imperialism. Universal conscription was introduced, and a new national army modelled after the Prussian force was established, and a navy after the British force was established. Arts influence: In 1876, the government opened the Technical Fine Arts School (Kobu Bijutsu Gakko) and invited the architect Giovanni Cappelletti (d. ca. 1885), the sculptor Vincenzo Ragusa (1841–1928), and the painter Antonio Fontanesi (1818–1882), who was deeply influenced by the Barbizon school, to teach its students in Western techniques and media. Fontanesi’s students Yamamoto Hosui (1850–1906), Kuroda Seiki (1866–1924), and Asai Chu (1856–1907) all later travelled to Europe to study academic painting, and are looked upon today as the Meiji period’s greatest producers of Western style paintings (yoga). On the other hand, the government took the acquisition of Western art techniques as a means of fostering industrial development, as opposed to promoting an appreciation of Western aesthetics or art theory. This was to let the young Japanese gain appreciation for the potentially important role of the museum in society, and the establishment of Japan ’s first public museum at Yushima Seido Confucian shrine. Conder taught at the University of Technology (Kobu Daigakko). His students Tatsuno Kingo (1854–1911), Katayama Tokuma (1853–1917), and Sone Tatsuzo (1853–1937) were responsible for many of the major architectural monuments during the Meiji period. Education system in Japan during the Meiji Restoration period: School system reform: The reform of the school system has contributed the most to the enlightenment of the Japanese people. By the 1906, the school attendance was as high as 95%, which Japan boosted the one of the highest literacy rates in the world. The resorted Imperial government immediately realised the importance of universal education to the nation’s pursuit of modernisation and progress of Japan. Gakusei, a education system was implemented in the 1872 and the promulgation of the Imperial Rescript on education in the 1890, these laid the foundation for modern education system in Japan. The school system was then modelled after the westernisation. Universities established: Universities as well as technical and professional schools were established to promote higher education to meet the demands of a labour force. Except for the terakoya, small regional schools providing basic education, most traditional schools from the Edo period were almost exclusively reserved to boys belonging to the samurai class. Despite this, the level of literacy in the late Edo period was remarkably high, which no doubt paved the way for the Meiji educational reforms. Primary school: The nationalisation of the education system made primary school compulsory for both boys and girls. At first, the attendance was very low. However, after tuition was abolished for elementary schools in 1900, then there was an increase in attendance. Many things in the school was influenced by the westerners. Firstly, the school was furnished western-style were built throughout the Japan. Secondly, the school curriculum was also based on western models. This includes history, science, geography and arithmetic. Schools also continued to give moral instruction based on Confucian tradition, which encouraged patriotic loyalty and filial piety. Games like sugoroku, the New Year’s game, were used to introduce young children to the scripts in a fun way. The sugoroku board shown here illustrates the different steps a student must follow before earning a degree. Education in the Empire of Japan was a high priority for the government, as the leadership of the early Meiji government realized the critical need for universal public education in its drive to modernize and westernize Japan. Overseas missions such as the Iwakura mission were sent abroad to study the education systems of leading Western countries. After 1868 new leadership set Japan on a rapid course of modernization. The Meiji leaders established a public education system to help Japan catch up with the West and form a modern nation. Missions like the Iwakura mission were sent abroad to study the education systems of leading Western countries. They returned with the ideas of decentralization, local school boards, and teacher autonomy. Such ideas and ambitious initial plans, however, proved very difficult to carry out. After some trial and error, a new national education system emerged. As an indication of its success, elementary school enrollments climbed from about 40 or 50 percent of the school-age population in the 1870s to more than 90 percent by 1900, despite strong public protest, especially against school fees. By the 1890s, after earlier intensive preoccupation with Western, particularly United States, educational ideas, a much more conservative and traditional orientation evolved. Confucian precepts were stressed, especially those concerning the hierarchical nature of human relations, service to the new state, the pursuit of learning, and morality. These ideals, embodied in the 1890 Imperial Rescript on Education, along with highly centralized government control over education, largely guided Japanese education until the end of World War II. There are two different perspective to the modernization of Japan. Some Japanese think that it is a chance to achieve collective, national glory. However, others do not really encourage modernization. Change to them meant danger, decadence and loss of moral virtues. They fear of three areas: gender disorder, cultural concern and political disorders. Firstly, for the gender anarchy, the Japanese banned women from adopting short hairstyle in the 1872. It emerged again when the government sharply restricted women’s political activity in 18890. However, during the Meiji period, the primary duty of the women was to serve the twin roles of good wife and wise mother was not purely reactionary or restrictive. During the Meiji formulation, wise women needed schooling. This was to ensure that the mother raises the children well in a new era, thus the mother needs to be literate. They had to know something about the world beyond the home. â€Å"Good mother, wise mother† was aggressively promoted by the Japanese government that the women have to be educated. The imperial institution took part in the project to prescribe new roles of women for men. The imperial signaled that men should have western haircuts by adopting that style of him. While the hair of the women should be kept long and braided up. The women’s appeara nce was also influenced by the westerners. the westernized facial appearance encourages the women to stop shaving their eye brown and blackening their teeth. However, it was later changed with support from the throne in the face of western examples and criticisms. Secondly, the Japanese fear of political disorder. They fear that a restless populace might challenge their political control which led to the decision for a conservative constitution. It inspires for a call for scarification for the state in Imperial Rescript. It also inspired a spark for military drills in school. Thirdly, it is the open of the port to the outside world. Japanese fear that people from across the sea would poison the soul of the Japan. They fear that they would influence the Japanese or to convert them into Christianity and demolish their true identity and cultural, they fear the lost of their cultural. Due to the rapid modernization and adapting many things from the westerners, they start to fear that there is no unique identity of Japan. Thus a magazine â€Å" The Japanese† was published. The writer thinks that the nation followed a path towards the so-called civilized. They feared that it might â€Å"forfeit our nation national character and destroy all the elements in References: Websites: http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2130.html 21/4/11 , on the western influence on Japan. http://www.travel-to-japan.com/the-meiji-restoration/ (21/4/11), the background of Meiji Period. http://www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca/edu/ViewLoitLo.do;jsessionid=AA30BECF533CBA0ECFF8450FC71FF6C1?method=previewlang=ENid=12991 23/4/11, education system during the Meiji period. Challenges to foster a national identity during the Meiji restoration period. There was a small island in the south of Japan where the Japanese imported goods from the Dutch, Chinese, and Korean nations, but there was little or no trade with any other country. Thus, the country of Japan was closed to outside influences, partly to maintain political domination control and to prevent the foreigners from stealing their gunpowder. In the mid 1860’s an American diplomatic fleet of steam powered battleships arrived and insisted upon the opening of Japanese trade with the US. The feudal Shogun government, however apprehensive of the threat to their control over the people of Japan, had no choice but to allow trade with the US. This opened the door for international trade and relations with the world beyond Japan for the first time in hundreds of years. I 1868, the shogun(the military leader) was forced to step down and the sixteen year old Emperor Meiji was â€Å"restored ,† so that Japan might catch up military with the West. There was the end of a relatively stable number of years of Shogun government called the Edo period. During this period a primary Shogunate (military dictatorship) was essentially running the government and the various different Samurai clans of the country were managed by this primary Shogunate, which was based in Edo (the city now known as Tokyo). Thankfully this particular military dictatorship was a relatively noble group monetarily, but their own noble and self-sacrificing way was actually part of what allowed the imperial family to take over the government of Japan at this rather pivotal moment. Essentially Meiji was the heir son of the imperial family and so those who stood to benefit from him being placed in as leader of the country helped to make it happen. The leadership of the Shogunate in Edo was handed over rather effortlessly as the Shogunate was apparently duped by Meiji and his supporters. Meiji’s primary supporters, of course, were leaders of some of the primary opposition to the Shogunate. This assertion of the leadership of an imperialistic family was known as the â€Å"Meiji Restoration†, yet it was not really a restoration as there had apparently never been a truly united Japan ruled in such a way before. Suddenly Meiji took over and any Samurai opposition to the changes was essentially stopped with force until the Samurai class was finally outlawed. The Meiji constitution was written as part of this â€Å"restoration† and basically fabricated a national identity for Japan. It also conveniently fabricated a nationalistic mythology which attempted to falsely present Meiji and his family as Shinto divinity. The result was a fanatical religious theocracy with a false history and deluded national patriotism. This ultimately led to the sad events of WWII and the immense disgrace of the Japanese people. It was essentially a nation-wide cult fabricated by politicians. Rationale: Westernisation influence in Japan during the Meiji Restoration Period: Political influence: In 1889, a constitution was promulgated which established a parliamentary government but left it accountable to the emperor rather than to the people. Administrative power was centralized in a national bureaucracy, which also ruled in the name of the emperor. There as a change in the feudal system. The classes were declared equal, so that samurai and their lords lost their feudal privileges, while the role of merchants began to be respected. Japan received its first European style constitution in 1889. A parliament, the Diet was established while the emperor kept sovereignty: he stood at the top of the army, navy, executive and legislative power. The ruling clique, however, kept on holding the actual power, and the able and intelligent emperor Meiji agreed with most of their actions. Political parties did not yet gain real power due to the lack of unity among their members. Economic influence: In order to transform the agrarian economy of Tokugawa Japan into a developed industrial one, many Japanese scholars were sent abroad to study Western science and languages and businesses, while foreign experts taught in Japan. The progression and improvements in education would boost the economy because of the increase in knowledge and skills. Industrialization created more importance on businesses and the prospering of them, than the farming and agrarian economy. After means of large governmental investments, the transportation and communication network in Japan were improved. The government also directly supported the prospering of businesses and industries, especially the large and powerful family businesses called zaibatsu. The large expenditures led to a financial crisis in the middle of the 1880s which was followed by a reform of the currency system and the establishment of the Bank of Japan. Thus, Japan’s economic grew tremendously during the Meiji restoration period. Education influence: A universal education was implemented. The education system was reformed after the French and later after the German system. Among those reforms was the introduction of compulsory education. Compulsory public education was introduced both to teach the skills needed for the new nation and to inculcate values of citizenship in all Japanese. This means that the money is going towards education, which goes to the people, and creates more capital, because of more knowledge. Military influence: There was a high priority for Japan in an era of European and American imperialism. Universal conscription was introduced, and a new national army modelled after the Prussian force was established, and a navy after the British force was established. Arts influence: In 1876, the government opened the Technical Fine Arts School (Kobu Bijutsu Gakko) and invited the architect Giovanni Cappelletti (d. ca. 1885), the sculptor Vincenzo Ragusa (1841–1928), and the painter Antonio Fontanesi (1818–1882), who was deeply influenced by the Barbizon school, to teach its students in Western techniques and media. Fontanesi’s students Yamamoto Hosui (1850–1906), Kuroda Seiki (1866–1924), and Asai Chu (1856–1907) all later travelled to Europe to study academic painting, and are looked upon today as the Meiji period’s greatest producers of Western style paintings (yoga). On the other hand, the government took the acquisition of Western art techniques as a means of fostering industrial development, as opposed to promoting an appreciation of Western aesthetics or art theory. This was to let the young Japanese gain appreciation for the potentially important role of the museum in society, and the establishment of Japan ’s first public museum at Yushima Seido Confucian shrine. Conder taught at the University of Technology (Kobu Daigakko). His students Tatsuno Kingo (1854–1911), Katayama Tokuma (1853–1917), and Sone Tatsuzo (1853–1937) were responsible for many of the major architectural monuments during the Meiji period. Education system in Japan during the Meiji Restoration period: School system reform: The reform of the school system has contributed the most to the enlightenment of the Japanese people. By the 1906, the school attendance was as high as 95%, which Japan boosted the one of the highest literacy rates in the world. The resorted Imperial government immediately realised the importance of universal education to the nation’s pursuit of modernisation and progress of Japan. Gakusei, a education system was implemented in the 1872 and the promulgation of the Imperial Rescript on education in the 1890, these laid the foundation for modern education system in Japan. The school system was then modelled after the westernisation. Universities established: Universities as well as technical and professional schools were established to promote higher education to meet the demands of a labour force. Except for the terakoya, small regional schools providing basic education, most traditional schools from the Edo period were almost exclusively reserved to boys belonging to the samurai class. Despite this, the level of literacy in the late Edo period was remarkably high, which no doubt paved the way for the Meiji educational reforms. Primary school: The nationalisation of the education system made primary school compulsory for both boys and girls. At first, the attendance was very low. However, after tuition was abolished for elementary schools in 1900, then there was an increase in attendance. Many things in the school was influenced by the westerners. Firstly, the school was furnished western-style were built throughout the Japan. Secondly, the school curriculum was also based on western models. This includes history, science, geography and arithmetic. Schools also continued to give moral instruction based on Confucian tradition, which encouraged patriotic loyalty and filial piety. Games like sugoroku, the New Year’s game, were used to introduce young children to the scripts in a fun way. The sugoroku board shown here illustrates the different steps a student must follow before earning a degree. Education in the Empire of Japan was a high priority for the government, as the leadership of the early Meiji government realized the critical need for universal public education in its drive to modernize and westernize Japan. Overseas missions such as the Iwakura mission were sent abroad to study the education systems of leading Western countries. After 1868 new leadership set Japan on a rapid course of modernization. The Meiji leaders established a public education system to help Japan catch up with the West and form a modern nation. Missions like the Iwakura mission were sent abroad to study the education systems of leading Western countries. They returned with the ideas of decentralization, local school boards, and teacher autonomy. Such ideas and ambitious initial plans, however, proved very difficult to carry out. After some trial and error, a new national education system emerged. As an indication of its success, elementary school enrollments climbed from about 40 or 50 percent of the school-age population in the 1870s to more than 90 percent by 1900, despite strong public protest, especially against school fees. By the 1890s, after earlier intensive preoccupation with Western, particularly United States, educational ideas, a much more conservative and traditional orientation evolved. Confucian precepts were stressed, especially those concerning the hierarchical nature of human relations, service to the new state, the pursuit of learning, and morality. These ideals, embodied in the 1890 Imperial Rescript on Education, along with highly centralized government control over education, largely guided Japanese education until the end of World War II. There are two different perspective to the modernization of Japan. Some Japanese think that it is a chance to achieve collective, national glory. However, others do not really encourage modernization. Change to them meant danger, decadence and loss of moral virtues. They fear of three areas: gender disorder, cultural concern and political disorders. Firstly, for the gender anarchy, the Japanese banned women from adopting short hairstyle in the 1872. It emerged again when the government sharply restricted women’s political activity in 18890. However, during the Meiji period, the primary duty of the women was to serve the twin roles of good wife and wise mother was not purely reactionary or restrictive. During the Meiji formulation, wise women needed schooling. This was to ensure that the mother raises the children well in a new era, thus the mother needs to be literate. They had to know something about the world beyond the home. â€Å"Good mother, wise mother† was aggressively promoted by the Japanese government that the women have to be educated. The imperial institution took part in the project to prescribe new roles of women for men. The imperial signaled that men should have western haircuts by adopting that style of him. While the hair of the women should be kept long and braided up. The women’s appeara nce was also influenced by the westerners. the westernized facial appearance encourages the women to stop shaving their eye brown and blackening their teeth. However, it was later changed with support from the throne in the face of western examples and criticisms. Secondly, the Japanese fear of political disorder. They fear that a restless populace might challenge their political control which led to the decision for a conservative constitution. It inspires for a call for scarification for the state in Imperial Rescript. It also inspired a spark for military drills in school. Thirdly, it is the open of the port to the outside world. Japanese fear that people from across the sea would poison the soul of the Japan. They fear that they would influence the Japanese or to convert them into Christianity and demolish their true identity and cultural, they fear the lost of their cultural. Due to the rapid modernization and adapting many things from the westerners, they start to fear that there is no unique identity of Japan. Thus a magazine â€Å" The Japanese† was published. The writer thinks that the nation followed a path towards the so-called civilized. They feared that it might â€Å"forfeit our nation national character and destroy all the elements in References: Websites: http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2130.html 21/4/11 , on the western influence on Japan. http://www.travel-to-japan.com/the-meiji-restoration/ (21/4/11), the background of Meiji Period. http://www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca/edu/ViewLoitLo.do;jsessionid=AA30BECF533CBA0ECFF8450FC71FF6C1?method=previewlang=ENid=12991 23/4/11, education system during the Meiji period.